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What is Porcelain?

Porcelain derives its present name from and old Italian word - porcellana (cowrie shell) because of its resemblance to the translucent surface of the shell. Properties associated with porcelain include low permeability and elasticity; considerable strength, hardness, glassiness, brittleness, whiteness, translucence, and resonance.

Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating its raw materials; generally which include clay in the form of kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between 1,200oC and 1,500oC. The toughness, strength, and translucence of porcelain arise mainly from the formation of glass and minerals within the fired body at these high temperatures.

Comparison to Bone China

Clay is the primary material from which porcelain is made as compared to Bone china which utilizes substantial amounts of animal bone ash in the product.